Economic Roundup, April 26, 2019

Economic Environment

  • US economy and India economy

How are the Indian and global economic environments affecting the financial markets?

  • US economy has performed well above expectations in the first quarter of 2019. As we have said earlier, this can largely be attributed to Federal Reserve continuing to signal (as also expected next week) that it will pause on any further rate increases because of slowdown in the rest of the world economy. Also, the Federal Reserve has slowed down its process of balance sheet normalization so that it does not adversely impact liquidity in the financial markets. Major global central banks given the favorable inflation environment, across the board have sent dovish signals, with India, in fact, cutting the repo rate twice. Such preemptive actions should hold up India’s economy and the global economy without risk of a recession during the rest of the year. Europe and Japan, as we have discussed in the previous edition of the Economic Roundup, have demographic issues constraining growth despite accommodative monetary policy though it is not something to be imminently concerned about. India, however, must work expediently on banking sector weakness independent of the elections to prevent any slowdown from taking hold because of poor monetary policy transmission, for economic slowdown could trigger hot money outflows as we also discussed earlier. Geopolitics, at least for now, appear to be under control so as not to adversely affect the oil price which, if it sharply rises because of US tensions with Iran, could significantly impact the rupee and India’s economic outlook.

What to expect from the markets next week?

The financial markets could continue to maintain their upward momentum if foreign institutional investment (FII) continues to flow into India though this also poses a risk should the economy slowdown because of the rising probability of the reversal of hot money flows which would pressure the current account deficit (CAD), potentially leading to a financial crisis. The true state of the economy would come into greater relief as corporations continue to report earnings.

Economic Roundup, April 19, 2019

Economic Environment

  • Jet Airways, oil price and global economic slowdown

How are the Indian and global economic environments affecting the financial markets?

  • Banks’ exposure to Jet Airways shutting down operations and the firming of the oil price have pressured the Indian financial markets and the rupee because of potential impact on monetary policy transmission for raising domestic investment and on the current account deficit. The markets are on a high, so any bad news is triggering profit booking and forcing the markets down. Slowdown in Europe and Japan is also souring the market sentiment but the ineffectiveness of monetary policy in Europe and Japan may largely be due to near zero population growth rate and could be chronic though it should not be of concern for Europe and Japan. This should not affect the prognosis for the Indian economy which has a burgeoning, young population and an expanding domestic Indian market which could potentially offset any pressure on exports. India should look to offset dependence on foreign oil and gas by investing domestically in ways to find domestic energy alternatives to foreign oil and gas beginning now and into the long term to alleviate pressure on inflation and the current account deficit.

What to expect from the markets next week?

The financial markets could continue to maintain their upward momentum if foreign institutional investment (FII) continues to flow into India though this also poses a risk should the economy slowdown because of the rising probability of the reversal of hot money flows which would pressure the current account deficit (CAD), potentially leading to a financial crisis. The true state of the economy would come to relief as corporations continue to report earnings.

Economic Roundup, April 12, 2019

Economic Environment

  • March Consumer Price Index (CPI) Inflation and February Index of Industrial Production (IIP)

How are the Indian and global economic environments affecting the financial markets?

  • The March CPI is low at 2.86% but the February IIP came in very low at 0.1%. Low inflation is conducive to monetary policy expansion, however, as we analyzed in the two previous editions of the Economic Roundup, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), while lowering the repo rate by 25 basis points to 6%, has emphazised the monetary policy transmission mechanism for accommodative monetary policy to be able to effectively invigorate the economy by spurring investment. It is unclear at the moment, given the upcoming elections, whether banking sector reform can continue to remove impediments to investment. Further, it is also unclear if fiscal expansion is possible before the 2nd Quarter of fiscal 2019-20 due to the elections. The RBI Governor is optimistic about the future of India’s economic growth and this optimism will only attract more hot money while keeping interest rates at current levels. Though this might help the RBI not to lower interest rates further or obviate the need for any fiscal expansion, government should keep a close watch on it without settling for its short term benefit to India’s foreign exchange reserves and the stock markets.

What to expect from the markets next week?

The financial markets could continue to maintain their upward momentum if foreign institutional investment (FII) continues to flow into India though this also poses a risk should the economy slowdown because of the rising probability of the reversal of hot money flows which would pressure the current account deficit (CAD), potentially leading to a financial crisis. The true state of the economy would come to relief as corporations continue to report earnings.

Economic Roundup, April 05, 2019

Economic Environment

  • Reserve Bank of India (RBI) policy

How are the Indian and global economic environments affecting the financial markets?

  • As we analyzed in the previous Economic Roundup, the RBI, while lowering the repo rate by 25 basis points to 6%, has emphazised the monetary policy transmission mechanism for accomodative monetary policy to be able to effectively invigorate the economy by spurring investment. All our prior analyses continue to hold. It is unclear at the moment, given the upcoming elections, whether banking sector reform can continue to remove impediments to investment. Further, it is also unclear if fiscal expansion is possible before the 2nd Quarter of fiscal 2019-20. All of this even as hot money continues to flow into the country.

What to expect from the markets next week?

The financial markets could continue to maintain their upward momentum if foreign institutional investment (FII) continues to flow into India though this also poses a risk should the economy slowdown because of the rising probability of the reversal of hot money flows which would pressure the current account deficit (CAD), potentially leading to a financial crisis. Many economists concur that the current data on economic growth may not be accurately reflecting the state of the economy. Policy flying blind because of data quality issues could catch the RBI and the government behind the curve on both policy and reform amidst the distraction of the election. More would be known as corporations continue to report earnings.